Sunday, September 21, 2008

Tesis de las ventanas rotas

Completamente de acuerdo, díganme si no:

James Q. Wilson and George Kelling developed the "broken window" thesis. Their thesis suggests that a certain sequence of events can be expected in deteriorating neighborhoods: evidence of decay (broken windows, accumulated trash, deteriorated building exteriors) which remains in the neighborhood for a reasonably long period of time causes people who live and work in the area to feel more vulnerable and to begin to withdraw. They become less willing to intervene to maintain public order (for example, to attempt to break up groups of rowdy teens loitering on street corners) or to address physical signs of deterioration.

In response to this, some vandals may become bolder and intensify their harassment and vandalism. This makes residents even more fearful and less likely to participate in community upkeep. Offenders now may come in from outside the area, sensing that the neighborhood has become a vulnerable and less risky site for crime.

"One unrepaired broken window is a signal that no one cares," Wilson and Kelling have written, "and so breaking more windows costs nothing."

"Consider a building with a few broken windows. If the windows are not repaired, the tendency is for vandals to break a few more windows. Eventually, they may even break into the building, and if it's unoccupied, perhaps become squatters or light fires inside.

Or consider a sidewalk. Some litter accumulates. Soon, more litter accumulates. Eventually, people even start leaving bags of trash from take-out restaurants there or breaking into cars."

A successful strategy for preventing vandalism, say the book's authors, is to fix the problems when they are small. Repair the broken windows within a short time, say, a day or a week, and the tendency is that vandals are much less likely to break more windows or do further damage. Clean up the sidewalk every day, and the tendency is for litter not to accumulate (or for the rate of littering to be much less). Problems do not escalate and thus respectable residents do not flee a neighborhood.

10 comments:

chilangoleon said...

fecal=spurious=window=breaker=
asshole=usurpator

Juan de Lobos said...

Las ventanas rotas somos nosostros. Aullidos para ti.

Abraxas said...

I have a broken window at home and didn't swept the sidewalk today... Damn!

Jolie: Desde la Barandilla said...

After last live update something seems wrong with my broker window.
:(

Multipolar said...

Para los interesados:

http://www.chilango.com/especiales/a11er-concurso-de-cuento-eduardo-casar

FENIX said...

este.... este.... yes, yes, yes...
ora si me la puso dificil mi Kix, con trabajos le intelijo al español...

en fin, aprovecho pa dejarle un abrazote del tamaño del mundo !!!

Real-X said...

se me hace una teoría cierta, pero algo débil, porque los vándalos van a seguir rompiendo las ventanas reparadas y tirando basura, no importa cuántas se cambien o cada cuanto se barra

saludos

Angeek said...

Lo que dice Real-X es cierto, hay cuestionamientos sobre su validez. Esta tesis se basa en un estudio clásico de Psicología Social. Dicen que Giuliani aplicó esto en N.Y.
Pero en nuestro país parece que ya no nos dejaron ni la lana para comprar nuevas.
Saludos

marichuy said...

Kix

Absolutamente de acuerdo... con Real X y Angeek

Saludos

mafalda said...

...

Mira mija...jajaja...

Recordé algo que sucedía hace varios años en la acera de mi casa.
Tenían la pinche costumbre los vagos, de sentarse recargados en la pared que daba a mi recámara, a fumarse su "churro"...¡chale! una hediondez espantosa.
Mi má, cuando esto sucedía y a la hora que fuera, salía a barrer y a echar agua con la manguera, les decía: "jovenes se quitan, voy a barrer y a lavar la banqueta" Jajaja,mi madre diciendo y haciendo eh?, así es que los chavos se levantaban, y se iban. No sin antes lanzar una mirada de fuego a mi ma'.
Un día, me dio mucha risa lo que le dijeron. Llega mi madre con manguera en mano lanzando agua fría: "permiso jovenes, voy a lavar" La miran y dicen: "Chale mi jefa, que limpia es usted"

Por lo menos a mi ma' esta estrategia le funcionó -a ella- porque a las mamás de los vagos... pues no, siguieron fumando "churros" en otra banqueta, pero ya no en la mía.

Por eso también estoy de acuerdo con Real X, Angeek y Marichuy.

Mafalda

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